Abstract Junior School English Curriculum Standards points out: “The English teaching organically combining emotional education will encourage students to learn from each other, to help each other, to experience the collective sense of honor and to develop the spirit of cooperation.” Improving English reading ability has been an important goal of junior school English teaching. Cooperative Learning (CL)can mobilize the enthusiasm of students and improve the effectiveness of English reading teaching. This paper expounds the application of CL in junior school English reading teaching and summarizes the advantages of using CL in English reading teaching. At the same time, it makes recommendations for teachers who are likely to overlook problems in the process of reading teaching when using CL .70452
Keywords: Junior school English teaching; Cooperative Learning;Reading teaching
1. Introduction 1
2. Literature Review 2
2.1 Definition of Cooperative Learning 2
2.2 Studies of Cooperative Learning 3
3. Application of Cooperative Learning in Junior school English Reading Teaching 5
3.1 Process of CL in English reading teaching 5
3.2 Advantages of CL application 8
4. Suggestion 10
5. Conclusion 12
Works Cited 13
Cooperative Learning (CL), a form of teaching organization using in class teaching, is currently widely used in the world. CL is first advocated and implemented by the famous American educator David Koonts in the 1970s. It is different from independent study, but puts more emphasis on language learning process and cooperative relations, so interpersonal cooperation and interaction in teaching are its basic characteristics. On teaching evaluation, it emphasizes the criterion-referenced evaluation more than the norm-referenced evaluation and transfers the competition between inpiduals into the competition between groups, so teachers can evaluate student's performance according to team scores. 论文网
Junior School English Curriculum Standards points out: “The English Teaching organically combining emotional education will encourage students to learn from each other, to help each other, to experience the collective sense of honor and to develop the spirit of cooperation.” Thus, CL is a manifestation of this new curriculum standards' core concept "independence, cooperation and participation”, bringing new vitality and hope to our English teaching. It effectively improves the learning environment in the classroom and students’ achievement, and expands students’ participation in class. Since the early 1990s, our country began to introduce group activities in teaching, which led to a discussion on CL.
Reading has always been regarded as a significant part of language teaching and improving students' reading ability has also been seen as an important goal of Junior school English teaching. It is related to the continuing expansion of vocabulary, further consolidation of grammar knowledge, improvement of reading ability and writing ability and so on. In the conventional reading lesson, teachers tend to focus on the language structure, such as meaning discrimination, grammatical structure analysis, difficult sentences interpretation and so on. In traditional reading teaching, a considerable part of English teachers in the class explain the text sentence by sentence, while students' main task is to listen and take notes. This single teaching mode is not enough to satisfy the current needs of education. Therefore, effectively CL is born at the right moment.